Saving our precious ancient sites

Cornwall’s protected landscape is well known and much loved for its iconic tin mines and prehistoric stone circles and these features often form some of our visitor’s fondest memories of Cornwall and the reason why so many return time after time.

These features are also much treasured by the many local voluntary conservation groups who tirelessly give up their own time on a regular basis to safeguard heritage sites, working with local landowners, across the county from Rame Head to West Penwith. However many of these features are at risk or vulnerable, which this project will work to address, working in partnership with landowners, Historic England and local communities.

The stunning setting of the triple coastal forts near Trethias Island in our Carnewas to Stepper Point section

The stunning setting of the triple coastal forts near Trethias Island in our Carnewas to Stepper Point section

at risk and vulnerable sites

There are currently 140 Scheduled Monuments outside of West Penwith in the Cornwall AONB on the Heritage at Risk Register and in danger of becoming at risk. The Register is maintained by Historic England and is free to search on their website. Cornish monuments at risk range from prehistoric settlements, barrows and stone circles to defensive and industrial heritage features.

Black Head aerial.jpg

Collectively these sites are principally on Bodmin Moor, the Lizard and at Rame Head, with the main threats being vegetation and tree growth and a lack of awareness of their management needs. Despite their obvious interest, the vast majority of sites contain no on site interpretation or descriptions other than what survives of the monument so most people would be unaware that they are passing through an Iron Age or Bronze Age settlement or defensive fort. Only with the stone circles, tin mines or eighteenth century forts that have a significant physical presence are the monuments more obvious. 

Our Rame Head section is host to a dramatic collection of fortifications that defended the approach to Plymouth Sound including Redoubt 5 shown here

Our Rame Head section is host to a dramatic collection of fortifications that defended the approach to Plymouth Sound including Redoubt 5 shown here

Initial work

In March 2018, the Cornwall AONB was awarded a £9,700 grant from Historic England to develop a project to increase our understanding and awareness of the needs of our scheduled monuments across some of Cornwall’s most outstanding landscapes, working collaboratively with landowners and community based conservation groups.

The spectacular Rumps Fort in our Pentire Point to Widemouth Bay section

The spectacular Rumps Fort in our Pentire Point to Widemouth Bay section

With the support of the Cornwall Archaeological Unit, we held four training sessions with Truro College Archaeology students and community-based conservation groups Timeseekers, Cornwall Archaeological Society, Lizard Archaeology Network, Meneage Archaeology Group, Rame Conservation Trust and Caradon Archaeology to equip local volunteers to gain new surveying skills and knowledge and to enable them to help shape the project.

The stunning motte and bailey castle at Kilkhampton adjacent to our Hartland section

The stunning motte and bailey castle at Kilkhampton adjacent to our Hartland section

King Arthur’s Hall is an enigmatic scheduled monument high up o King Arthur’s Downs near St Breward in a spectacular location overlooked by Roughtor and Brown Willy

King Arthur’s Hall is an enigmatic scheduled monument high up o King Arthur’s Downs near St Breward in a spectacular location overlooked by Roughtor and Brown Willy

Volunteers consisting of TimeSeekers, Cornwall Archaeological Society and members of the AONB Staff Unit begin the site clearance of the mysterious King Arthur’s Hall on Bodmin Moor in October 2018

Volunteers consisting of TimeSeekers, Cornwall Archaeological Society and members of the AONB Staff Unit begin the site clearance of the mysterious King Arthur’s Hall on Bodmin Moor in October 2018

next steps

Working with our key partners and landowners we have prioritised 40 of these sites to bid for a wide ranging funding package to deliver an extensive programme consisting of site clearance, stabilisation and interpretation work alongside education and awareness raising work with local communities, schools and colleges to ensure this often forgotten part of Cornwall’s AONB can play a more important role in improving the lives of local people and enhancing the experience of our visitors.

We are pleased to have secured £80,000 for the whole project from Cornwall Council for 2019/20 and £5,100 from the Cornwall Heritage Trust for work to date and better understand the King Arthur’s Hall site on Bodmin Moor. Other funding bids are currently being assessed.

During summer 2020 we will have the support of West Penwith based artist Kurt Jackson whose 2020 show will feature the project to highlight the important contribution scheduled monuments make to Cornwall’s protected landscape.

Carne Beacon near Veryan in our South Coast Central section offers a stunning view of the Roseland Coast and is a short detour from the South West Coast Path

Carne Beacon near Veryan in our South Coast Central section offers a stunning view of the Roseland Coast and is a short detour from the South West Coast Path

Scrub clearing by Meneage Archaeological Group at Kynance Gate in our South Coast Western section

Scrub clearing by Meneage Archaeological Group at Kynance Gate in our South Coast Western section

Thanks to all of our current project funders

CC Logo.JPG
 
This project is supported by Historic England

This project is supported by Historic England

Cornwall Heritage Trust Logo.jpg